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One of the most prevalent diseases we treat in our office is periodontal disease. Since this sickness can do so much damage to your teeth and gums, you should know what causes it and how to avert it.

Gum disease, also called pyorrhea and periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums that causes damage to and threatens your teeth when left untreated. The words “periodontal disease” can apply to different levels of the disease, such as gingivitis, periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis.

The effects of gum disease may vary depending on the intensity of the infection. In gingivitis, the gums might bleed and be uncomfortable. In periodontitis, infection and resulting inflammation of the gums will cause acids-filled pockets to develop around the chompers and gums. These pouches of bacteria can decay and harm the teeth, gums, and bones.

And gum disease can spread past just the oral cavity. A few scientific studies have found relationships between gum disease and heart diseases, premature birth, rheumatoid arthritis, and dementia. These links might be caused by bacteria from the infected gums traveling into the bloodstream and vital organs. Inflammation in gum disease may also be responsible for some of the links to other disorders.

By doing the straightforward things like eating foods lower in sugar, brushing twice daily and flossing once daily, you can decrease your risk of forming periodontal disease. To keep your teeth strong and gum-disease-free, please schedule your next appointment with our G. Larry Leonakis DDS Inc. office in Carson City, Nevada, by calling 775-882-0635 today.